all began in January of 1975 when Popular Electronics magazine featured a
microcomputer kit project, the Altair 8800 on their front cover. Looking like a
minicomputer of the period replete with lots of front panel switches, this
really kicked off the microcomputer revolution. There had been a kit computer
offered by RadioElectronics magazine in October of 1974 boasting the Intel 8008
chip, but it lacked the far greater instruction set of the newer Intel 8080 and
was a collection of stacked circuit boards and a bird's nest of cables.
company in Albuquerque (Micro Instrumentation Telemetry Systems, MITS) was
offering the Altair kit for $399.00 including the 8080 microprocessor chip,
hoping to sell 200‑500 through Popular Electronics and thus avoid
bankruptcy. Their sales of calculator kits had been dropping as the readymade
Japanese calculators were hitting the stores. To their astonishment, they had
orders in house for 2000 kits by April 1975! There was an amazing market in the
country for people who wanted to own their own computer.
to today's Pcs, the Altair was primitive: it had 4K of static memory, 25 front
panel switches for programming the computer in machine language (binary), 36 LED
indicator lights to display the results of any computation and that was all. No
keyboard, no monitor, no floppy disks and no operating system (DOS) . Naturally,
everyone wanted to get their computers beyond this stage. Any information about
solving construction problems with the Altair, software for the Altair, in short
anything related to computers was in great demand.
summer of `75, the obvious answer to the quest for information was a computer
club so Bob Schwartz circulated a notice to the effect that "Anyone
interested in forming a computer club should meet at Northwestern
University". A crowd of about two to three hundred people attended, agreed
to meet again, and began what is now known as the Chicago Area Computer Hobbyist
Exchange (CACHE). This was indeed an appropriate name for the club as everyone
had to build their own computer in those days and all wanted to exchange
information, hardware, and software. The club flourished, meeting on the third
Sunday of each month; first at Northwestern, and later at a variety of schools
and colleges. Our present meetings are held at the Levy Senior Center, 2019 W
Lawrence Ave., Chicago, IL.
format of the meetings was rather informal and informative, however it was soon
apparent to the officers of the club that we needed to divide into groups
according to brand. At that time we had the Altair, the Apple, the Radio Shack
TRS‑80, the Sinclair, the Commodore, the Digital Group, the Imsai, the
SWTP 6800, and many others. No, the IBM PC wasn't around then and didn't arrive
`til August 1981. We called these individual groups SIGs and believe that we
were the first to call them by that name. After these SIG meetings, we met in a
large group to discuss topics of interest to all.
Another of our `firsts' was the bulletin board
established by Ward Christensen and Randy Suess in February of 1978. We think it
was the first of its type in the country. Ward is also the father of
X‑MODEM, the first microcomputer error correcting protocol for modems.
Slowly as the microcomputers evolved, many brand
names dropped away and the remaining SIGs are the IBM, WordPerfect,
Communications, New Users, Windows, and Technical SIGs.
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